End-to-end testing is an approach that evaluates the functionality of a complicated product from beginning to end. It confirms that every element of a system can functions and perform at its best in real-world situations.
All you need to know about end-to-end user testing frameworks
As we know that making a good reputation amongst the customers is very beneficial for the business. It will be possible by making a good quality of products for them. Besides building a good impression, it is essential to decide how much money you are making for the product. As a result, the company must test its products to ensure that they are the best for customers. It could only be done by putting in place end-to-end testing frameworks.
So it is essential to test your products thoroughly. Your product should be free from any mistakes. However this procedure is time-consuming, it is also critical and cannot be overlooked. To help you in this tedious testing procedure, there is an invention of automated testing.
Informing about the end-to-end testing frameworks is the primary aim of this blog. This framework is enabled by automation. First of all, I’ll let you know what is end-to-end testing and how it is done. After then, we will discuss some end-to-end frameworks and which one is best for you.
What Is End-to-End Testing?
Each product is consists of several components and features. These all component has its purpose, and they all work differently. Before launching your products to customers, you have to make sure all the features and details work correctly. The process of testing all the features and components of a product for some issues is known as end-to-end testing.
For example: everyone easily relates to an online shopping website. For a shopping website, the company has logged in, navigation of products, placing an order, and other types of customer support. Suppose you have the same website, then it is your responsibility to make sure that all the process work correctly. It is essential that you can’t miss any issue in any part of the product, as this issue will affect the user’s experience. With the help of end-to-end testing, you would not only be able to examine all the functionalities adequately. But also develop a product which is free from all the issues and environment friendly. This will also help you to integrate the product within the stipulated time span.
Why There Is A Need To Perform End-to-End Testing?
In the present situation, a modern software system is comprised of many interconnections with different types of sub-heads. This provides modern software systems as a very different one. These sub-users can be within the same organizations. Or, in some cases, it may be different also.
These sub-heads can be somewhere similar or different in the current systems. Suppose there is any failure or issue in any sub-system. Then, it will adversely affect the complete software system that leads to collapse. These are some significant risks that should be avoided and can be controlled by this testing.
- You have to keep checking and then perform system flow verification.
- Increase the coverage of test areas of all the subsystems that are involved with the system software.
- It will help to detect issues if there are any subsystems and then increases the productivity of the entire system.
Activities included in end-to-end testing process
Here are the few activities that are included in the end-to-end process:
- There is a thorough study of requirements that is performed at the time of testing.
- There is a proper setup of the test environment.
- A thorough study of Hardware and Software that is required.
Working of End-To-End Testing frameworks
As it is obvious that you can’t predict any possible actions of your users. However, you have an idea of what kind of activity your customer will perform on your product. In this testing, there is a use of test cases for testing the product. Test cases are the collection of some possible actions that can be predicted on your product. Well, these test cases are operated on the development and the behavior of the product. Suppose your product is buggy, then there is a possibility that you can fix it.
Categories of end-to-end testing
It is the testing where you test your products through all components and features of the product. As we discussed an example above, you will test the login page, navigation page, etc. in the horizontal testing. Therefore it covers all the breadth of the application.
The approach of vertical testing is different from the approach of horizontal testing. By considering the example mentioned above, each component has a complete process. Suppose a login or sign-up process can have direct logging in by entering the user’s information. Even you can log in through Google or Facebook. You can validate by email and choosing a password. So vertical testing mainly focuses on the depth of each component and features of the product. In this, all the complex scenarios require proper validation testing. That’s why this method is quite tricky.
White Box Testing and Black Box Testing is related to this testing only. We can say that this is the combination of both white box testing and black-box testing. It is mostly determined by the sort of software being built. Both of these tests are dependent upon both testing as required.
Guidelines to follow while developing vertical testing test cases:
- Test cases must be developed from the user’s perspective.
- It should focus on testing some existing features.
- In these cases, multiple techniques should be considered for different types of test cases.
- There are different sets of test cases that should be created to focus on various system scenarios.
Now you all have a clear idea about the end-to-end testing. By moving forward, we will discuss the frameworks used for the end-to-end testing process.
What Are The Frameworks Of End-to-End Testing?
It is one of the most popular frameworks. Selenium is one of the oldest frameworks in the business. It has its popularity all over time. We can say that it is an umbrella of various tools and packages. These tools are mostly known to be used in different programming languages.
Selenium is consists of a wide range of functions that allow you to simulate every possible action that a user would like to perform. So it will help in the coverage of test cases. It is open-source, and it’s IDE allows a user to record and has a playback testing feature. Selenium consumes fewer resources, it will enable parallel execution and its integration with other frameworks.
It is another essential framework that enables users testing more accessible and exciting. Since it reduces the problem faced while using Selenium, they are using a different architecture than Selenium. Even it can be used in unit testing and end-to-end testing. Whereas Cypress mainly focuses on end-to-end testing.
Suppose you are into test-driven development; this framework will be very beneficial for you as it is primarily built for TDD support. You can make your application faster because when the test is performed, you can easily make changes to it. Even you can see the changes taking place in real-time.
This framework focuses on behavior-driven development (BDD) as it allows you to build a product by considering different types of stakeholders like developers, QA’s, etc. The main reason for the cucumber’s popularity is it’s simplicity.
Gherkin is very much similar to writing statements in English. Many people don’t like writing tests in complicated code, for those Cucumber is the best solution. It makes it very easy even for non-technical people to write test scripts. It will helps none technical people who don’t understand the core programming languages to, understand the tests.
So Cucumber helps you in supporting different languages and is easily setup. It mainly focuses on end-user experience and is considered a good option for the end-to-end testing process.
It is one of the sophisticated yet simple methods to use end-to-end testing frameworks. Rest in is caters to all types of testers. If you want to write codes for your test? Then testing tells you how to do it. What if you hate coding? You don’t have to worry; in this framework, you can carry your testing without writing any single coding line.
Testim is consists of an excellent record and playback testing feature. These features use complicated algorithms and AI to run tests on an application. It is ingenious to tackle all the complex dynamic applications by using its AI, where many tools fail to operate. Even it provides you a straightforward user interface with no compromising in the quality of testing.
There are many types of options that will make your testing easy. Some of them are validations, feedbacks, and taking screenshots, etc. Testim helps to provide parallel execution, integrations, and webhooks with other frameworks. It allows you to create the best environment for end-to-end testing.
Easy-to-Easy Design Framework
There are three categories:
These are the following actions that should be performed to build user functions.
- It provides you with listed features of the software and its interconnected sub-systems.
- Secondly, for any function, the action performed both input and output data.
- It will help to find the relations if there is any difference in the user’s function.
- It helps to find out the nature of different user functions. Whether they are independent or can reusable.
Following activities should be considered as a part of building conditions.
- For every user function, there is a set of conditions that should be considered.
- There are timing, Data conditions, and other factors that should affect the user functions as parameters.
These are the following factors that should be considered for building test cases.
- For each aspect, one or more test cases should be created to test each user’s functionality.
- There must be every single condition that should be enlisted as a separate test case.
Which Framework is best for you?
By reading all the frameworks, it is proved that every framework has its advantages and disadvantages. You have to choose the one which has the most benefits and fewer cons for your product. If you want to ask me then my advice is to choose Testim. Our research team used different testing frameworks and faced many issues with all the above frameworks. But Testim is different from all of them, as it feels like developers who have considered all the possible problems you could face. Not only identifies the problem but also provides you the best solution for you. But if you want to know how good and useful it is, you have to try it. Even it has a free account where you can try Testim for the testing process.
By reading this, I hope you understand all the aspects of End-to-End tests. So it is important for any commercial release of software and plays an important role for end-to-end verifications. It is because it’s tests the application entirely for its environment that attract users like communication and interaction.
Mainly the end-to-end tests are performed manually as the cost of automating is too high to be afforded by each company. It is not only beneficial for your system validation but considered to be useful for testing external intervention. If there is any question about the end-to-end test, you can ask us anytime.