What is NIST-AI RMF?
Isn’t it mandatory to understand the consequences of the innovating technologies first which we are adapting in our regular work? Along with their benefits. The emergence of Artificial Intelligence is continuously increasing at the same time, making advancements from the future perspective. It is quite complex to understand the risks associated with the creation of AI tools by different organizations. According to the explanation given by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, these risks associated with AI tools are completely different from the risks associated with the traditional software development process.
These AI-related issues or risks do not even share similarities with the risk management frameworks. While considering all these dis-similarities on January 26, 2023, the NIST released the Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Framework (AI RMF). This framework was introduced to provide businesses with a risk management approach for developing an authentic AI system or tool. The integration of this framework made our AI tools security compliant with the risks associated with AI. This integration provides benefits like automation of the security processes, behavioral analytics, predictive analytics, instant threat detection, enhanced decision support, scalability, customized risk assessment, and continuous monitoring.
How does this AI Risk Management Framework operate?
The NIST AI RMF 1.0 or NIST AI framework is designed to increase the trustworthiness of AI solutions provided by organizations or individuals. With the use of this framework, organizations can directly work toward the deployment of secure and responsible AI applications. The AI RMF 1.0 is majorly divided into two sections in which the first section is foundational information, and the second section is the core and profile.
1. Fundamental Information
This fundamental section of AI RMF describes some of the potential harms and risks associated with AI systems. Along with this, it highlights the challenges that can arise in AI risk management.
Harms associated with AI-Solutions
These harms are caused due to the emergence of AI solutions in the marketplace without any compliance standards. These are harm to people as individuals’ civil liabilities, physical safety, economic opportunities, and other rights. Harm to the organizations as difficulty in organizational operations, security breaches, and reputational harm. And harm to the ecosystem as a negative impact on both interconnected and interdependent solutions to various resources. Such as global finances, supply chain, natural resources, and environmental aspects.
AI Risk Management Challenges
The concept of AI trustworthiness is defined as a limit to which an AI system can rely upon to operate as intended while minimizing the risk of unintended problems or consequences. While considering the trustworthiness of these AI solutions, some of the challenges can be faced during the risk management process. These are as mentioned further.
Measuring the risk according to its severity index is considered the major aspect of handling AI risks. Undefined or poorly understood AIO risks can lead to challenges in differentiating these risks' static or subjective nature. According to the NIST AI framework, these measurement challenges can be using different risk methodologies for AI solutions development from the standard metrics, tracking emergent risks, real-world settings are different from the laboratory study, and the arrival of different risks at different stages of the AI lifecycle.
The risk framework is meant to be tolerant and to reinforce current risk management procedures that are aligned with legal laws, and standards. The aspects like criteria, tolerance, and response to risk need to be decided by organization, domain, sector, and discipline. The professional requirements should be followed by existing organizational guidelines and regulations. In case, where any established do not exist for a specific sector or application, then the organization must define reasonable risk tolerance criteria. This AI RMF can be utilized to manage risk as well as a risk management procedure record holder once the risk tolerance is defined.
Organization/ Amplework holds a responsibility to tackle and prioritize risks according to their severity. In this, the AI-solutions development company can prioritize unacceptable negative risk levels as it can be full of negative imminent impacts. The organization should stop its ongoing operations if this kind of risk arrives and also such risks need to be documented to inform the end-users about the potential negative impacts.
Risk Integration & Management
The proper working of this framework requires a collaborative integration of other risk management assets. An organization should work towards making the develop and maintaining mandatory procedures for assuring accountability, assigning roles, and duties, developing an incentive structure, and working on spreading awareness of such risk management practices
2. Core & Profile
This section of the framework describes the core functionalities and outlines four of its different functions. Which are govern, map, measure, and manage. Their work is to assist organizations in addressing the threats posed by AI systems.
This function works for developing and implementing a risk management culture within an organization that designs, develops, deploys, tests, and acquires AI solutions. Provides a framework from which the AI-risk management activities can synchronize with organizational policies, strategic priorities, and principles. Works on considering the entire product lifecycle and addresses everything with this concern. It is denoted as a cross-cutting function which is connected to other functions of the framework. According to the NIST AI RMF, this function is divided into six major categories and further into subcategories.
This function works for establishing the context to frame risks to an AI system. This enables organizations to identify potential risks and factors which can reduce the negative impact of these risks. While applying this function we can expect proper trustworthy AI solution outcomes. This works to enhance user capacity for understanding the risk management framework and testing their usage context assumptions. This function works toward the identification of the risks when the AI systems do not operate properly in or outside of their intended content. Along with this performs tasks like positive identification of existing AI systems, enhancing knowledge of AL & ML process’s limitations, recognition of practical process limitations, identifying possible adverse effects from AI intended use, and anticipating the risks of AI systems beyond the intended use. According to the NIST AI RMF, this function is divided into five major categories and further into subcategories
This function adapts different practices to analyze the AI risks and associated impacts. Which are quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method tools, techniques, and methodologies. The integration of these tools results in certain information provided by the MAP function and based on this information guides the MANAGE function. This makes sure that before and just after deployment AI solutions should be tested. This AI risk measurement involves documentation of aspects of the system’s functionality and trustworthiness. The measurement of AI risks involves tracking trustworthiness characteristics metrics, human-AI configuration rigorous software testing, and performance evaluation procedures with the measurement of uncertainty and social impact. According to the NIST AI RMF, this function is divided into four major categories and further into subcategories.
This function works as a regular assigner of the risk resources to mapped and measured risks in accordance with the GOVERN function’s definition. In which the risk treatment involves plans for responding to, recovering from, and establishing communication about the incident. For the reduction of system failure and advanced outcomes, a special technique is used. As in this contextual information is collected with the help of expert consultation and inputs from relevant AI actors. These are developed using the GOVEN function, carried out in MAP, and used in the MANAGE function. This overall function works towards increasing the accountability and transparency of the AI risk management process. According to the NIST AI RMF, this function is divided into four major categories and further into subcategories
Implementing ways of this RMF in our solutions
Organizations can start to maintain an alignment with the international standards and AI-solution production crosswalks to related standards. NIST works along with the government and industry stakeholders. Factors like critical standards development activities, strategies, and gaps are considered.
Settlement of AI RMF 1.0 Profiles
The creation of these profiles is considered as a primary method for the organizations to share particle examples of AI RMF implementation in regular practices. The development of such profiles is given to the industry sector, cross-sectoral, temporal, and other topics.
Defining AI- System’s Purpose & Goals
With this step, organizations can start to build trustworthy AI solutions with the use of NIST AI RMF. While defining clear goals of systems. This makes companies understand the risks associated with the intended use of AI systems.
Implementation of NIST AI RMF actionable
The implementation of these actionable guidelines during the development phase of the AI solution. Which involves incorporating AI RMF’s four major functions govern, map, measure, and manage in the development processes of AI solutions.
Regular Monitoring & Testing
The continuous monitoring of these practices works towards ensuring the proper functionality of RMF functions to reach defined performance metrics.
With the analyzed data from the practices of monitoring and testing, organizations can implement changes for the development of AI solutions. In which the major highlight is to focus on iterative improvement for managing AI risks effectively.